Al Meezan Investments

Glossary

Use our Glossary as a complete reference guide for an understanding of relevant terms.

Asset Management Company (AMC)

An Asset Management Company is an Investment Company that manages investment made by investors.

Asset Allocation

A systematic approach for apportioning the portfolio into stocks, bonds and cash, and/ or other asset classes or categories. Factors such as age, investment horizon, risk tolerance, and portfolio size play an important role in determining an individual’s asset allocation.

Assets under Management (AUM)

Assets under Management (AUM) are the total value of all the investments currently being managed by the fund.

Asset management fee

The fee charged by the asset management company (AMC) for services rendered towards management of the Fund. The fee quoted on an annual basis is calculated as percentage of net assets under management.

Account Statement

A record of transactions and their effect on account balances over a specified period of time, for a given investment account.

Back End Load

A sales charge paid when an individual sells a mutual fund.

Balanced fund

A mutual fund which is composed usually of a balanced mix of both stocks and fixed income securities.

Compounding

Earnings on an investment’s reinvested earnings.

Commodity Funds

Commodity Funds invest in commodities, for example gold, silver, crude oil, natural gas, etc and may provide excellent diversification and inflation protection to the average investor’s portfolio.

Country risk

The danger international investors face that a nation where they have invested, will suffer severe economic or political problems, or even a natural disaster..

Credit risk

The danger that the issuer of a corporate bond will experience financial difficulties towards satisfying it’s obligation, thus causing deterioration in credit worthiness, perhaps even a default. Treasury securities are usually considered free of this risk.

Currency risk

The risk, faced by foreign investors, that the currency in which their investment is denominated may depreciate in value in relation to their home currency.

Custodian

Usually an independent organization, that is responsible for handling, safekeeping and other custodial matters that are related to the securities belonging to the client

Capital gain/appreciation

It is the profit that results from investments into a capital asset, which exceeds the purchase price. It is the difference between a higher selling price and a lower purchase price.

Distributor

An entity or individual authorized to sell the units of open end mutual funds on behalf of the AMC.

Diversification

The strategy of spreading money among different securities usually belonging to different asset classes in order to reduce risk.

Dividend

A share of profits received by a unit holder/shareholder in a mutual fund. If it is declared in the form of cash then it is called cash dividend and if it is declared in the form of additional units then it is called bonus dividend.

Equity fund

A Mutual Fund that invests in equity securities.

Fiscal Year

A period that a company uses for accounting purposes and preparing financial statements. The fiscal year may or may not be the same as a calendar year

Fund Manager

The person(s) responsible for devising and implementing a fund’s investing strategy and who actively takes part in it’s on-going management, with a view to achieve the Fund’s Investment Objective.

Front End Load

A sales charge paid when an individual buys a mutual fund. The front end load is composed of Sales load and transaction cost (if any)

Fund Manager’s report (FMR)

Periodic information provided by the fund manager to the investor regarding the performance of the funds, related markets and future outlook.

Funds of funds

These are funds that invest in other mutual funds.

Growth units

The type of units opted by the investor that entitles him to receive the dividend in the form of bonus units

Growth investing

A popular investment style whereby fund managers identify companies showing good or attractive earnings prospects..

Index Fund

A fund that replicates a particular market index such as the KMI 30 Index by holding many if not all of the same stocks and in the same proportion as in the benchmark index.

Income Fund

A fund that invests in fixed income instruments with the main objective to provide current income rather than growth of capital.

Interim Dividend

A dividend announced during a fiscal year is an interim dividend.

Income units

The type of units opted by the investor that entitles him to receive the dividend in the form of cash

Investment Objective

It highlights what the Fund aims to achieve. It is usually a concise yet elaborate statement explaining to investors where the Fund will invest and what it seeks to achieve through such investments.

Inflation risk

The danger that the returns from one’s investments will fail to keep pace with increase in the general price level in the economy. This is usually a major problem with Fixed Income investments where investment return generally lags behind increased in Inflation, thereby resulting in a decrease in return in real terms.

Initial public offering (IPO)

The sale of a company’s shares or a mutual fund’s scheme to investors for the first time.

Interest-rate risk

The danger that the price of a bond will fall as interest rates rise. Portfolio managers gauge a fund’s interest-rate risk by calculating its duration.

KSE 100 Index

KSE 100 is designed to provide investors with a sense of how the Pakistan equity market is performing. It simply consists of the top 100 companies listed on the KSE that have the highest market cap

KMI 30 Index

Tracks the 30 most liquid Shariah-compliant companies listed at KSE and are weighted by float adjusted market capitalization.

Liquidity

Liquidity generally refers to the notion as to how readily an asset or security or investment can be converted to cash. Open end mutual funds generally offer a high degree of liquidity to their investors.

Liquidity risk

This is a risk that emanates from the fact that a particular security may not be easily bought or sell without impacting it’s price

Load

A % charge by the fund when an investor buys or sells units in the fund.

Market risk

Market Risk is risk that may effect the overall financial market. Some sources of market risk include recessions, political turmoil, changes in interest rates, etc

Money-market fund

A fund that invests in short-term Shariah compliant securities including banks, DFIs placements, commercial papers and cash. As the safest of all funds, these portfolios have a stable NAV.

Net assets

The total value of a fund’s cash and securities less its liabilities or obligations.

Net Asset Value (NAV)

The Net Asset Value is the price of a unit of a fund found by subtracting the fund’s liabilities from it’s assets and dividing by the number of shares outstanding.

Offering Document

The official document that describes a mutual fund to prospective investors and solicits investment from them. All necessary details for a prospective investor are contained in the Offering Document.

Offer Price

The price at which a mutual fund’s shares are bought by the investor.

Portfolio

The group of securities that are held in a Fund. The term is used as a synonym for fund.

Portfolio rebalancing

The process of periodically revising a portfolio to restore the asset-class weights for stocks, bonds, and cash to their long-run target values. This is done by selling shares in appreciated asset classes and buying shares in under-represented categories.

Redemption Price

The price at which a mutual fund’s shares are redeemed (bought back) by the fund.

Redeem

To encash mutual fund shares by selling them back to the fund. Mutual fund shares may be redeemed on any business day.

Rupee Cost Averaging

The investment technique of investing a particular amount on a regular schedule, regardless of the unit price.

Sector risk

The danger that a particular industry such as software/biotechnology will plunge.

Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP)

SECP is the Regulator for Asset Management Companies in Pakistan.

Shariah Advisor

The Shariah advisor is a person or institution who is appointed to ensure strict Shariah-compliance in all areas of the mutual funds operations.

Stock

A share of ownership or equity in a corporation.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

A service enabling you to have a designated sum of money transferred regularly from your bank account or pay-check to the fund account. SIP enables an investor to benefit from compounding and Rupee cost averaging.

Stock Market

It is the market in which shares of publicly held companies are issued and traded either through exchanges or over-the-counter markets.

Total Return

Total return is the change in value of an investment over a given period, assuming reinvestment of any dividends and capital gain distributions, expressed as a % of the initial investment.

Transfer Agent

The organization employed by a mutual fund to prepare and maintain records relating to investors’ accounts.

Trustee

An independent entity authorized to safeguard the shareholders’ best interests with respect to the Funds.

Trust Deed

A formal document which outlines the terms of a trust agreement between the trustee and the asset management company.

Tax rebate/credit

The tax credit is a kind of discount by reduction in tax liability offered by the Government to Tax Payers aimed at promoting disciplined savings & investment culture. The amount of tax credit you can get is dependent on:

  • Your income tax rate
  • The amount you wish to invest.

Unit Holder

A person who holds units in a fund or under any plan of the Scheme.

Voluntary Pension Schemes

These schemes seek to provide participants a regular Halal Income stream after retirement when one can no longer earn regular income to support their living so that they are not dependent on other members of the society.